If you live in Northern New Jersey, it's very likely that you have a basement or crawlspace beneath your home. Although basements and crawlspaces serve practical purposes, they can also be plagued by moisture problems and even harbor mold and mildew. That's where sump pumps come in. A sump pump removes water from your basement or crawlspace to keep the space relatively dry, which can prevent moisture problems inside your home and even prevent the growth or spread of mold. So, how exactly does a sump pump work? Read this article to find out. If you're having trouble with your sump pump, contact a plumbing company in Northern New Jersey to have your pump repaired or replaced before you experience a real emergency.
The Sump Pit
For starters, sump pumps are usually installed in specially constructed sump pits. The sump pit usually sits at the lowest point in your basement or crawlspace. Water flows into this pit through drains or by natural water migration through the soil beneath the foundation. The sump pump's job is then to pump the water out of the pit and away from your home.
Most sump pumps turn on automatically through a float activator. The float on a sump pump works a lot like the one in your toilet tank. A buoyant ball floats on top of the water, manually moving the arm as the water level rises. When the water level rises above a certain point, the float activates the pump which then sucks the water through a one-way check valve up and out of the basement. If your sump pump is not activating properly, hire a residential plumber to have a look at it.
Although not the most complex part of a sump pump system, the discharge pipe is certainly one of the most important. After the pump is activated and water is sucked through the check-valve, it flows through up through the discharge pipe and is discharged outside your home. The placement of the discharge pipe is incredibly important, as you don't want to discharge water too close to your home for risk of foundation damage.